THE KUWAIT MALL
To the World from Kuwait

The State of Kuwait is a small constitutional monarchy on the coast of the Persian Gulf, enclosed by Saudi Arabia to the south and Iraq to the north and west. The name is a diminutive of an Arabic word meaning "fortress built near water."

Area
17,818 sq km (6880 sq miles).

Population
2,419,900 (official estimate 2002).

Population Density
135.8 per sq km.

Capital
Kuwait City. Population: 28,747 (1995).

Geography
Kuwait shares borders with Iraq and Saudi Arabia. To the southeast lies the Persian Gulf, where Kuwait has sovereignty over nine small islands (the largest is Bubiyan and the most populous is Failaka). The landscape is predominantly desert plateau with a lower, more fertile coastal belt.

Language
Arabic, but English is widely understood, especially in commerce and industry.